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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-14

Efficacy of small incision cataract surgery in hospital based eye camps in North Karnataka

Department of Ophthalmology, Shri B. M. Patil Medical College and Research Centre, BLDE University, Bijapur, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Sushma A Hosamani
Department of Ophthalmology, Shri B. M. Patil Medical College and Research Centre, BLDE University, Bijapur, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-3897.122628

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Background: Cataract is the principal cause of curable blindness in India. The most recent estimates from World Health Organization reveal that 47.8% of global blindness is due to cataract and in South Asia region, which includes India, 51% of blindness is due to cataract. Aims: Our study was to assess the post-operative visual outcome after small incision cataract surgery (SICS) in camp patients during the study period from October 2011 to June 2012. Materials and Methods: Cataract surgeries were carried out in patients (with no known systemic illnesses), after screening at community based screening camps. All senile cataracts were included and complicated cataracts were excluded from the study. Patients underwent manual SICS with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Post-operatively patients received oral antibiotic for 5 days and antibiotic-steroid eye drops for 6 weeks. Patients were followed-up at regular intervals. Spectacle correction was given at the end of 6 weeks. Results: A total of 164 patients were included in this study. At the end of 6 th week, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 6/12 on Snellen's chart and even better (6/9-6/6) in 86.1% cases with post-astigmatism of 2.5 diopter (D) + 1 D. Results showed good vision after SICS at low cost in camp patients. Conclusion: Our study assessed the efficacy of hospital base camps in terms of visual. Our study results in terms of visual recovery showed 86.1% of patients had BCVA more than 6/12 on Snellen's chart. Average astigmatism was 2.5 D with no intraoperative complications justifying efficacy of hospital base cataract camp surgeries.

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