Home Print this page Email this page Users Online: 289
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-93

A study of morphology of cataract in western India

1 Department of Ophthalmology, MIMER Medical College, Talegaon Dabhade, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, MIMER Medical College, Talegaon Dabhade, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Seema Dutt Bandhu
118, Tulip, Parmar Garden Wanowrie, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: Management and staff of MIMER Medical college, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-3897.156594

Rights and Permissions

Background: Population-based studies of lens opacity have suggested that the distribution of lens opacity types may differ between races. We report the prevalence of the different types of age-related cataract based on the LOCS III (Lens opacification classification system III) grading cataract among adults in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. Materials and Methods: Cataract was classified on examination of eyes with dilated pupils. Demographic data included age, sex, occupation, dietary habits (vegetarian or non-vegetarian), and tobacco use. Results: A total of 198 patients were included in the present study. The highest prevalence was that of nuclear sclerosis (NS), in its pure form (45.5%) or as mixed occurrence [3% NS+CC (cortical cataract) and 11.1% NS+PSCC (posterior sub-capsular cataract)]. The prevalence of NS was significantly higher (57.4%) in higher age group as compared to that in lower age group (33.7%). On the other hand, prevalence of NS+PSCC cases was more than double (26.5%) in lower (< 65 years) age group as compared to that in higher (>65 years) age group (11.1%). The type of occupation was significantly associated with type of cataract (χ2 = 11.64, P = 0.003); majority (50%) of the CC type and NS+PSCC type (41.2%) were farmers, whereas 50.8% of NS type were housewives. Majority of the diabetic patients (71.1%) belonged to NS type. Among the tobacco users 56.8% had the nuclear sclerosis type of cataract. Conclusions: Nuclear sclerosis was the most prevalent morphology of cataract in the study group.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded249    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal