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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-18

Evaluation of visual outcomes after pediatric cataract surgery in a Tertiary Eye Care Hospital in Western Maharashtra

Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, PBMA'S H.V. Desai Eye Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Kaduskar-Aney Anushree
PBMA'S H.V. Desai Eye Hospital, Survey Number 93, Mohammadwadi, Tarawde Vasti, Hadapsar, Pune - 411 060, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-3897.174345

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Background: A review of pediatric cataract cases operated between January 2007 and May 2008 in a Tertiary Eye Care Hospital in Western Maharashtra was done. Aim: To evaluate postoperative visual status for distance and near after pediatric cataract surgery. Settings and Design: Retrospective and prospective medical record retrieval type of cohort study. Materials and Methods: The demographic data, preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative details were noted. The surgical procedure included cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation with primary posterior capsulorrhexis and anterior vitrectomy in most of the cases. The visual status of eyes was evaluated before and 6 weeks after surgery. Statistical Analysis: Univariate and multivariate type of statistical analysis using SPSS software. Results: Three hundred and sixteen eyes of 250 children were included in the study. Sixty-six children had bilateral, and 184 children had unilateral cataract. Most common were congenital cataracts seen in 124 eyes (39.2%). Distant vision following surgery was more than 6/60 in 86 eyes (49.1%). Aided near vision of N12 and above was seen in 75 eyes (68%). The common causes for noncompliance with spectacles were heavyweight, repeated breakage, and peer pressure. Conclusion: Early detection and management of cataract in children is the key to good visual outcomes. Postoperative care should include a special emphasis on near vision. Improved coordination is needed between parents, school teachers, and the pediatric eye care center to improve the compliance with spectacles.

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