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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 89-91

Postoperative fungal endophthalmitis due to Basidiobolus ranarum: Report of a rare case

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Radha Annamalai
Department of Ophthalmology, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-3897.183719

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Postoperative fungal endophthalmitis is a significant cause of visual loss due to the rapid progress and severe inflammation. Management is dictated by the precise identification of fungus subspecies, choice of antifungal agent, and associated systemic features. We report a rare case caused by Basidiobolusranarum, never known to have caused endophthalmitis or any form of ocular infection or inflammation. A 59-year-old, Asian, immunocompetent, agriculturist presented with endophthalmitis on the 3 rd postoperative day. Smear and culture from the aqueous and vitreous samples detected a species of fungus called Basidiobolusranarum. Fungal endophthalmitis should be suspected even in patients who present in the early postoperative period and rare species considered even in immunocompetent individuals. Early detection and aggressive treatment is necessary for preventing morbidity or mortality due to these infections.

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