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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 100-104

Sequential bilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis in a young female

Department of Ophthalmology, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepti Mahajan
Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-3897.205182

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Optic neuritis (ON) is the demyelinating inflammation of the optic nerve head usually associated with multiple sclerosis. It is usually associated with sudden onset loss of vision with dyschromatopsia and retro-orbital pain. Atypical features for a demyelinating ON include the absence of pain, severe visual loss, progression of visual loss, pain for more than 2 weeks, and lack of recovery after 3 weeks. Atypical features in fundus examination include marked swelling of the nerve with retinal exudates, peripapillary hemorrhages and bilateral presentation, which may occur either simultaneously or sequentially. Atypical ON requires careful consideration and differentiation from demyelinating ON and ischemic optic neuropathy since the treatment is different. We describe a patient who presented with recurrent, sequential episode of visual loss over 2 years, without evidence of any additional neurological deficits, sarcoidosis, or systemic autoimmune disease. A diagnosis of chronic relapsing inflammatory optic neuropathy was made, and she was given intravenous steroids for 3 days, which improved the vision from hand movement close to face to 5/60 in the right eye. She was given immunosuppressants for 3 months, and oral steroids were gradually tapered. Her present vision is the right eye is 6/6 with normal intraocular pressure and color vision.

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