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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 73-76

Pattern of posterior uveitis in a tertiary care government eye hospital in South India

Department of Ophthalmology, Retina Unit, Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Sikander Ali Khan Lodhi
“Hill View”, 10-3-300/3, Humayun Nagar, Hyderabad, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-3897.205188

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Background: The spectrum of uveitis cases is largely influenced by genetic, geographic, and environmental factors. The causes and types of posterior uveitis cases in patients attending a Tertiary Care Eye Hospital, attached to Government Medical College, in a major South Indian city catering to two important states were studied. Aim: To analyze the pattern of posterior uveitis in a tertiary care government eye hospital. Design: Retrospective noncomparative case series. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 101 posterior uveitis cases attending the retina/uvea outpatient department of a major government eye hospital, seen between January 2014 and June 2015, was done to know the clinical pattern of the posterior uveitis entities. A comprehensive eye examination with a tailored laboratory investigations approach was used to arrive at a diagnosis. Results: Of the 101 patients, there were 56 (55.5%) males and 45 (44.5%) females, in the age group of 15–65 years. A specific diagnosis could be established in 75% of the patients, including infections in 19 cases (18%), specific ocular disease in 45 cases (44.5%). Idiopathic group comprised 25 cases (24.75%). In the infective group, tuberculosis was more than toxoplasmosis. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) cases, presenting as posterior uveitis, comprised 19 cases (18.8%). Conclusion: Tuberculosis and toxoplasmosis were the common infective causes, and VKH, multifocal choroiditis, and serpiginous choroidopathy were the common noninfective entities.

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