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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 109-111

Immune recovery uveitis associated with active cytomegalovirus retinitis: A rare presentation

Department of Ophthalmology, Sri Sankaradeva Nethralaya, Guwahati, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Mandabi Sengupta
Sri Sankaradeva Nethralaya, Guwahati - 781 028, Assam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcor.jcor_72_19

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Immune recovery uveitis (IRU) is the ocular manifestation of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Here, we report the case of a 48-year-old HIV-infected patient, with poor adherence to HAART, who presented with gradual diminution of vision and pain in the left eye for 2 months. HAART was restarted along with anti-tubercular treatment for central nervous system tuberculosis 6 months ago. Clinical examination revealed the features of uveitis and active CMV retinitis. Laboratory investigations showed increased CD4+ T-lymphocyte count. We diagnosed the case as IRU associated with active CMV retinitis. The patient recovered with topical steroid and oral anti-CMV therapy. Although IRU is commonly seen in patients with inactive CMV retinitis, rarely this may be seen in association with active CMV retinitis, particularly when HAART therapy is initiated without treating CMV retinitis.

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